In the volumes are missing not only all Austrians even before and the Russian Germans, though the Swiss and French remain, even though they are "converted" to Germans. For example, from August 22 to November 28, , forty-two ships traveling to New York with Germans on board and 11 similar vessels which de facto do arrive in Baltimore are deleted entirely. Departing from Bremerhaven and anchoring in Baltimore between August 4, and January 17, were 79 ships which have not even been considered by the GTA team.
Thomas in the Caribbean carried only Swiss citizens as passengers, but that all of them lived previously in the city of Hamburg. Interestingly enough, until the publication of Volume 38, they were letting dead people walk on shore, e. Not a single one of the lists thus far checked is without a mistake, which is to say, these lists would not be worthy of citation with scholarly reliability in mind. We had hoped for something better in the volumes that would appear in the years and forward.
The lists of ships that arrived in New York between June 1 and June 30, are included in Volume 63, which concludes with December 31, and coordinates with Microfilms M , Rolls , , from the available originals at the National Archives in Washington D. Seventy-four ships are considered, 32 are deleted, a decision that could hardly be based on the number of German passengers, for their list does provide for the vessel California which arrived from Glasgow, but carried only one German on board.
This "capital sin" of data usage--the application of the same code for different sets of data--is steadfastly maintained in spite of the editors' knowing that those who pick up the volume are looking in particular for the home village of their ancestor. On board in total were 1, passengers, only of whom are acknowledged as Germans by GTA. Even as 17 Polish passengers are made into Prussians, cities like Suwalk and Riga are turned into Prussian municipalities.
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It is exceptional enough to discover that the list contains people of Polish citizenship at all, considering the partition of Poland by Russia, Prussia, and Austria. Did Polish nationality awareness possibly assert itself to the GTA "scholars? The fact is they remain Poles just as much as those who were included from Suwalk, Kowno and Bialystok.
The GTA team could as well have shot dice to determine their place of origin on these published lists. Of the passengers on board, of them are categorized by GTA as Germans. All are entered on the originals in perfectly clear Latin script with their respective hometowns.
Text Analysis and Annotation
From among these, GTA accepts 85 Germans. Here GTA ranks of the passengers as Germans, including 39 of the Russians traveling on board. However, they are all turned into citizens of the city of Bremen, while the remaining passengers--many Russian Germans among them e. Those 39 who were chosen for inclusion are rendered as newly adopted citizens of Bremen, bearing names like Kroller, Schissmann, Neumann, Behling, Schweinitz, Thiel, Rubinstein and Liebe.
As if to expiate for their sins, the GTA people excise Johanna Aschwege from Rastede and 66 additional Germans from the list, while they delete the hometowns for 93 other Germans. And to boot, the hometown of Bohmte is treated variously, John Hellmann Nr. Other strange entries include one where the individual gives his intended destination as New York but then travels to an "unknown place. Glazier, we might ask, that nobody wanted to remain in New York? Equally astonishing incidents happen to other passengers and ships in Volume In every instance on the Glazier list the passengers disembark in "nowhere land!
And the situation was hardly any different for the passengers on board the Friesland December 13, The original specifies that this was an exception from the usual in that a few emigrants would go forward to Baltimore. Many of the passengers on the Lahn June 30, lose their hometowns but Frida Langefeldt suffers a great deal more than that NA, M , Roll ; GTA 63 , in spite of a list which exhibits very clear handwriting. Carl Osterloh cashiers his home village of Neuenwege on the Jadebusen, Heinrich Saathoff has one "f" taken from him as well as his hometown of Grossefehl in East Friesland.
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Johann Huntenberg is compelled to disembark as Johann Hanterberg and is no longer allowed to claim his hometown of Eisenach, even as his career is degraded from barkeeper to a simple worker. Moreover, because he wanted to go to New York, he is given "unknown destination" as his domicile in the United States.
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As far as the GTA team is concerned, the town of Oggersheim remains unknown in Germany, even in the year Frida Langefeldt from Kassel, finally, a three-year old, is renamed Longefeldt and is not permitted to arrive from Kassel at all. And besides, she is forced into being shipped "alone" on board the Lahn. Katherine Langefeldt at the age of 28, possibly her mother or aunt, in any case an American, has no roll to play at all on the GTA lists.
The GTA team's decision to limit itself exclusively to the inclusion of Germans in this instance leads straight to the absurd. Nor does it seem to bother the researchers in Philadelphia that they are sending genealogists on wild goose chases. From Germans to America Volume 64 , the following individual Germans were deleted from those vessels arriving in New York harbor between June 15 and June 24, From June 15th to June 24th, seventeen ships that were carrying a total of Germans sailed into New York, but are missing entirely from the GTA publication.
The miserable bookkeeping which the GTA offers in Volume 63 with data stretching from July 1 to December 31, finds no letup. In these ten days, according to the microfilm of the National Archives, 36 ships arrived with German passengers on board. In the Germans to America Volume 64 , all the passengers on board the following vessels that arrived in New York between the 15th and the 24th of June, lose their place of origin.
It is true that the Bremen lists do not offer any information about place of origin, but the Hamburg lists indeed do.
- London's Central Criminal Court, 1674 to 1913.
- Ship Passenger List: the John Holland.
Even so, the rubrics from Hamburg with the exception of those for the Bismarck are never considered. Cuxhaven disappears entirely. We have selected this list because the original is very clearly written and because it encompasses only 49 passengers, all of whom have their hometown. According to the original document, all the passengers traveled in cabin class. Not one of the three versions of Germans to America makes any mention of this fact. Except for that, the book edition gives the data for eleven persons exactly as in the original, while the CD and the DAD each reports for one person In the table below the variations from the original are represented in red type.
maisonducalvet.com/conocer-gente-gratis-brzana.php This excerpt says nothing about the general variable quality of the three sources of information. It signals only the shadow of suspicion that hangs over all three publication formats. In the book edition, 82 of the passengers lose their hometowns. Catharina Brack Catharina's correct name was "Brock" as we have well determined from her overseas trunk which is noted in Antonius Holtmann, ed. On the original list the hometown is reported as "Varendorf" and in the CD version as "Varondorf," while the correct "place of last residence" turns up again in the DAD.
But there are problems with the port of arrival. The CD reports none at all. But anyone who would take a look at her oversea's trunk which has been preserved at the home of descendants in Oldenburg, Indiana , would simply shake his head at this designation. There is nothing at all on the original list which would indicate that Catharina Brack was so privileged as to travel in such an expensive class.
Any passenger bearing entry on the list was highly likely to have been relegated to the steerage section of the ship. A genuine lack of logic or certifiable follow-through on the part of the editors is demonstrable.
CD and DAD would have done well either to refrain from any entry at all or to make note of the exact problem, which they confronted. Instead, they blindly follow forward with their negligence, in the process making the Marianne, built in , into a luxury liner. Of course, here they do give back to the passengers their "robbed" hometowns. But then again they reconfirm the GTA reading mistakes by hiding Andreas Krafft in the depths of the DAD, from which the entry at the terminal in Bremerhaven rescues him, however, now with the name "Kzaffs;" but this mangling of his name is only the beginning.
In GTA, of the travelers are deprived of their hometowns. The CD gives them their hometowns back.
- Bermuda's Dockyard at Ireland Island, a Royal Navy base from to the s.
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But these attempts at a reconstruction are of no significance for the CD users. Missing completely are the name of the ship, the arrival date, as well as the port of arrival.
At least the book edition points us to the original on microfilm but there is no index for the year pertaining to New Orleans. The DAD, however, supplies this with complete hometowns. Sophia Vogt keeps her city of Rostock in the book edition, but now is once again permitted to appear correctly in Mecklenburg rather than incorrectly in Prussia.
Gottfried Heimedinger's hometown of Vaihingen loses its stain of being on the Baltic Sea instead of Baden. What was already lost in the book remains lost. Maddening is the only word for the disappearance and re-appearance of hometowns because there is no logic to it at all. On the original, all passengers have their hometowns, though of course quite a few lose them already in the book edition. Johann Holdmann originates from Capelle and wants to go to Illinois.
But the GTA deprives him of his hometown and then sends him to Wheeling, to the city which Regina Traut of Blankenau intended to reach, and who is on the list right above him. Descendants of these people are sent on a wild goose chase. But it gets even better.
London's Central Criminal Court, 1674 to 1913
Working year-old man, Heinrich Niemeyer, comes from Diepenau and wants to go to Pittsburg h. But matters are even worse for Heye-H. Schaa with her family of five individuals coming from Westerrauderfehn Westerhauderfehn is the correct spelling and Wilhelm Haverkamp from Sandbergen Sandberg? But then where they do go on shore, the CD leaves no clue whatsoever. Reconstruction of the hometowns which the GTA so flagrantly, so frequently and so unsystematically dismiss--regardless of the reasons--does succeed to a degree on the CD and in the DAD--sometimes in both mediums of storage, but even then not with reliability.
And this is significant. Mistakes which the GTA team made in their organization of the data when compared to the original lists, unfortunately are reproduced by the CD and the DAD, practically without exception. And they are indeed multiple. The dramatic events on the high seas? Well, we are led to believe they never took place!
They are also ignorant about the fact that A. Scheffer and A.
Related SHIP SS JOHN HOLAND-HARVE, BADEN-1847
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